Jacob Paris
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Animated page transitions with Remix's nested routes

Nested routes are one of React Router's best features. They allow you to create parent routes that act as layouts for their children. When a user navigates between child routes, the parent route doesn't unmount, which means we can animate the outlet for the nested routes.

Remix prominently uses React Router, so this works very well in Remix. In this guide, we'll use Remix's nested routes to animate the transition between pages.

This example video is for both this guide and the multi-step form guide

Managing the navigation state

Adding animations to the navigation slows it down. A page load that could be instant will instead need to wait until the animation completes. Remix wants to unmount the current page immediately, so it can replace it with the new page, and that's the main source of problems we need to solve to make this work.

  • Instead of the <Outlet /> component, we need the useOutlet hook so it returns a stable reference to the outlet element instead of creating a new component.
  • We need to freeze the outlet's routing context so it doesn't re-render during navigation.

The easiest way to solve this is to wrap the useOutlet hook with useState.

function AnimatedOutlet() {
const [outlet] = useState(useOutlet())
return outlet

This stops the outlet from re-rendering when the route changes, but Remix will still unload the data for the previous route, which can sometimes cause this error to throw.

TypeError: Cannot destructure property 'data' of 'useLoaderData(...)' as it is undefined

To prevent this, allow the useLoaderData hook to fall back to an empty object so the destructuring doesn't fail. The page will not re-render after this, so it's ok if the data isn't there anymore.

const { data } = useLoaderData() || {}

Animating the navigation

There are examples in the Remix docs for animated routes with Framer Motion and Remix but it's not necessary to install all of Framer just for this.

A popular and much lighter library for animating React components is react-transition-group, which simply allows you to suspend mounting/unmounting of a component until an animation is complete, and adds CSS classes to the component during the animation.

If your CSS solution involves highly code-split CSS, you may run into issues where the CSS for the old page reloads before the old page has unmounted. Using Tailwind CSS to animate our route transitions saves us from having to deal with this.

export default function Layout() {
const location = useLocation()
const nodeRef = useRef(null)
return (
<div className="mx-auto grid min-h-screen place-items-center">
enter: "opacity-0",
enterActive: "opacity-100",
exitActive: "opacity-0",
className="transition-all duration-500"
<AnimatedOutlet />


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